What is Tribology, Tribosystem & Lubrication


 In the article, we have shared the basics about Friction, Wear & Lubricants. Thank you very much for the support extended by liking & sharing the article with your network. Today we are trying to share with you some information about Tribology & Tribosystem. Before understanding the Tribology & Tribology, if you still have not reached the Basics of Friction, Wear & Lubricants article, I suggest you go through the article once. It will help you to understand the Tribology & Tribosystem in a better way.

What is Tribology

Tribology is the science and engineering of interacting surfaces in relative motion. It includes the study and application of the principles of friction, lubrication, and wear & also encompasses how interacting surfaces and other tribal elements behave in relative motion in natural and artificial systems. Tribology is not an isolated science but a complex, multidisciplinary endeavor where collaborative efforts advance researchers from fields including mechanical engineering, manufacturing, materials science and engineering, chemistry and chemical engineering, physics, mathematics, biomedical science and engineering, computer science, and more.

Peter Jost (also known as Hans Peter Jost) was a British mechanical engineer. He is the founder of the discipline of Tribology in 1966. Nowadays, Tribology has moved beyond its traditional & historical focus in industrial machinery & mechanize components into the modern sectors of Classical Tribology, Bio Tribology, Green Tribology, Geo Tribology, Nano Tribology, Tribotronics, Computational Tribology, Space Tribology, Open System Tribology.

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What is Tribosystem

A Tribosystem is defined as a Tribological System composed of at least two contacting bodies and any environmental factor affecting their interaction (“Tribosystem,” Wikipedia). Tribologists need to understand Tribological Systems as it allows them to create and execute Tribological Tests.

What is Lubrication

Lubrication is the control of friction and wears by introducing a friction-reducing film between moving surfaces in contact. This film, aka lubricant, can be a solid, fluid, or plastic substance, with oil and grease being the most common. When it comes to lubrication, there are three different types referred to as regimes: Boundary Lubrication, Mixed Lubrication, and Full Film Lubrication. To understand all types of lubrication regimes, first, we need to understand Sribeck Curve.

What is Stribeck Curve

The Stribeck Curve is a fundamental concept in the field of tribology. It is named after Richard Stribeck, a German mechanical engineer who first described the concept in 1902. This graph showcases how the generation of lubricant films is critical in reducing the friction and wear of machine parts.

Co 2Befficient 2Bof 2Bfriction

Stribeck Curve

1. Boundary lubrication

2. Thin or Mixed lubrication

3. Full Film lubrication

Note:- Lambda (λ) (Specific Lubricant Film Thickness) is the ratio of the minimum lubricant film thickness (V1) divided by the average surface roughness of the surfaces in contact (Ra1 + Ra 2).

Lambda (λ) = Minimum Lubricant film thickness (V1) / {(Ra1 + Ra 2) / 2}.

Our aim is always try to get Full Film lubrication to increase the life of the application by reducing friction & wear.

Boundary Lubrication

We generally want to avoid boundary lubrication where possible. Lubrication specialists observe that friction may be at its highest level during the boundary lubrication regime. Boundary lubrication exists with frequent starts and stops, and shock-loading or continuous high loading conditions are present. The main method of reducing boundary lubrication is to provide the correct lubricant viscosity.

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So, In the Boundry Lubrication process, we should select the correct base oil viscosity with extreme pressure (EP) or anti-wear (AW) additives. These EP and AW additives adhere to the metal surfaces to form a sacrificial layer that protects the metal from wear & protect surfaces.

Full Film Lubrication

Full-film lubrication exists in two forms: hydrodynamic and elastohydrodynamic. Hydrodynamic lubrication (HL) occurs when two surfaces in sliding motion are fully separated by a film of fluid. Elastohydrodynamic lubrication (EHL) is very similar to HL but occurs when the surfaces are in a rolling motion (relative to each other).

Mixed lubrication

Mixed lubrication is a combination between boundary and hydrodynamic lubrication. When a lubricating layer separates the surfaces, but the asperities still make contact with each other.

Conclusions on What is Tribology, Tribosystem & Lubrication

The main motive of this blog is to increase awareness about Industrial Lubrication & Tribology. If you want to know more about tribology, you will find that tribology is one of the amazing subjects you can learn & work on it.  In every industry, there are different types of situations are there & based on the situation & application criteria, we need to choose the correct lubricants for the machines. So, we have tried to cover the very basic part of the lubrication. We will are sharing the right information about lubrication with you.

If you like the article, then like & share this article with your friends & family who want to learn & understand Tribology & Industrial Lubrication. Also, comment on what you feel & if you want to know more & have any suggestions for me, comment below. It will help me a lot.

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You can also read below articles to get more information

What is Tribology, Tribosystem & Lubrication

Basics of Industrial Lubricants.

Lubricating Oils Vs Lubricating Greases | What to Choose & Why?


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